Herbert Marcuse - The Professor Behind the 1960s Rebellion HTML
If you like Erich Fromm, you'll probably find the philosophy of Herbert Marcuse very interesting. His books are not exactly accessible for today's average person but this essay sums up the most important concepts nicely.
Herbert Marcuse was born in Berlin in 1898. As a Jewish academic he had to leave Germany when the Nazis came to power and has been in America since 1934. He then became professor of political thought at the University of California.
For a short while after the first world war, Marcuse was a member of the German Social Democratic Party but left after the murder of Luxemburg and Liebknecht. He became an unattached left-winger with hopes and sympathies pro-Russia. In the 1930's, in Germany and then later in America, he was associated with a group of left-wing thinkers known as the Frankfurt School. They called their highly philosophical and Hegelian version of Marxism "The critical theory of society".