By promoting ID [intelligent design] and questioning evolution, Dover's elected school board aligned itself with national public opinion, which consistently shows a majority favors teaching Biblical creationism in addition to evolution. Moreover, a 2005 poll conducted by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life reports that 38% of Americans would prefer that creationism was taught instead of evolution. But the Dover public school teachers, citing ethical obligations, were unmoved by public pressure and refused to comply with their board's directive. The high school's science teachers issued a statement arguing:
"...if I as the classroom teacher read the required statement, my students will inevitably (and understandably) believe that Intelligent Design is a valid scientific theory, perhaps on par with the theory of evolution. That is not true. To refer the students to 'Of Pandas and People' as if it is a scientific resource breaches my ethical obligation to provide them with scientific knowledge that is supported by recognized scientific proof or theory."
To scientists, the teachers' position is noncontroversial. Alternative approaches to evolution like ID are a "hoax" at best and "faith" at worst; in neither case do they have any place in a science curriculum. The National Academy of Sciences calls evolution "the central concept of biology", and three respected national organizations have provided model high school curriculum guidelines with evolution as a unifying theme.