5.Don't cry for me Argentina
9.Man of Mystery
12.Red River Rock
13.Riders in the sky
15.Slaughter on 10th Avenue
The Shadows were the fore-runners of the guitar bands of the British pop scene of the swinging sixties. The began as the Drifters in the late fifties but changed the name to the Shadows to avoid confusion with an American group with the same name.
Original members were Hank Marvin (lead guitar), Bruce Welch (rhythm guitar), Jet Harris (bass guitar) and Tony Meehan (drums).
The Shadows provided the musical backing for all of Cliff Richard’s early hits. In addition, Hank Marvin and Bruce Welch provided the vocal chorus backing for most of Cliff’ Richard’s hit songs.
The impact of the Shadows on the British pop scene of the sixties can only be described as historic. Their trademark was the unique sound of Hank Marvin’s lead guitar.
Hank was, to a large extent, influenced by the guitar playing style of Scotty Moore, who provided the guitar solo backing for Elvis Presley’s earlier recordings. However, he later developed his own style which was copied by guitar groups all over Europe.
It was Hank who introduced the use of Echo or Reverb. He pioneered the use of the Meazzi echo- box, a device which gives a rich resonance to guitar sounds. He was also master of the Tremelo Arm, a bar installled on electric guitars to vary the pitch of a note. Other Hank Marvin trademarks were Muting, a technique featured in their hit “Foot-tapper”, and penta-tonic “double stops” (listen to the guitar riff of Cliff Richard’s “Livin’ Doll” to get an idea of what it’s like).
Hank used a combination of Muting and Reverb in “Atlantis” and “Wonderful Land” to produce a unique effect which other musicians imitated.
A characteristic feature of Shadows’ music was the brilliant rhythm guitar sounds of Bruce Welch in the background and in hits like “Peace Pipe” and “36-24-36” a few bars were allocated to rhythm guitar alone. Bass guitar riffs were featured in “Kon-Tiki”, and “36-24-36” A little known fact was that while all three used top of the range Fender electric guitars on stage, an accoustic guitar was used by Bruce Welch in most of their recordings.
During the sixties,the Shadows spawned a whole series of pop bands with identical make up, consisting of three guitarists and one drummer.
With the passage of time, their brand of music gradually faded in popularity. People got tired of the amplified electric sound and the seventies heralded a new era where accoustic guitars were used.
Besides music albums the Shadows also appeared in all of Cliff Richard’s movies, most of which were light hearted comedies with a musical theme.
Tragedy struck former Shadows twice. In Nov. 1973, John Rostill was accidentally electrocuted by his own electric guitar. Unknown to most people were John’s talent as a composer. He wrote Olivia Newton John’s hits, “Please Mr. Please” and “Let Me Be There”.
Founder member and original drummer, Tony Meehan, who played with the Shadows from 1958 to 1961, died from head injuries due to a fall in Nov. 2005 at age 62. Tony was featured in the Shadow’s “Apache”
and also in Cliff Richard’s “Living Doll”, “Please Don’t Tease” and Travellin’ Light”.