The interest in nonlinear methods in signal processing is steadily increasing, since nowadays the advances in computational capacities make it possible to implement sophisticated nonlinear processing techniques which in turn allow remarkable improvements with respect to standard and well-consolidated linear processing approaches. The aim of the book is to present a review of emerging new areas of interest involving nonlinear signal and image processing theories, techniques, and tools. More than 30 leading researchers have contributed to this book covering the major topics relevant to nonlinear signal processing. These topics include recent theoretical contributions in different areas of digital filtering and a number of applications in genomics, speech analysis and synthesis, communication system, active noise control, digital watermarking, feature extraction, texture analysis, and color image processing. The book is intended as a reference for recent advances and new applications of theories, techniques, and tools in the area of nonlinear signal processing. The target audience are graduate students and practitioners working on modern signal processing applications.