The Yugoslav Wars were a series of violent conflicts fought in former
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia during the 1990s and 2001.
The wars were characterized by bitter ethnic conflicts between the peoples
of the former Yugoslavia, mostly between Serbs on the one side and Croats,
Bosniaks and Albanians on the other.
Often described as Europe's deadliest conflicts since World War II,
they were characterized by mass war crimes and ethnic cleansing.
Albeit tensions in Yugoslavia had been mounting since the early 1980s,
it was 1990 that proved the decisive year in which war became more likely.
At the last Communist party conference in Belgrade in 1991, the congress
voted for an end to the one-party system, as well as economic reform,
which prompted the Slovenian and Croatian delegations to walk out and thus
the break-up of the party, a symbolic event representing the end of
"brotherhood and unity".
The Yugoslav wars may be considered to comprise of two sets of successive wars
affecting all of the six former Yugoslav republics, including Kosovo:
* Wars during the breakup of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia:
1. War in Slovenia (1991)
2. Croatian War of Independence (1991-1995)
3. Bosnian War (1992-1995)