[XviD-ENG] Nineteen Eighty-Four (1984) - Peter Cushing BBC (1954).avi (Size: 1.37 GB) (Files: 1)
[XviD-ENG] Nineteen Eighty-Four (1984) - Peter Cushing BBC (1954).avi
Title: BBC Sunday Night Theatre: Nineteen Eighty-Four (1984)
Country : UK
Release Data : 1954
Genre : Drama / Sci-Fi
Runtime : 120'
Director : Rudolph Cartier
George Orwell's novel was adapted for television by Nigel Kneale, one of the most successful television scriptwriters of the era. The previous year he had created the character of Professor Bernard Quatermass for the popular science-fiction serial The Quatermass Experiment. The adaptation was produced and directed by the equally respected Rudolph Cartier, perhaps the BBC's highest-profile producer/director of the 1950s who was always keen to push the medium and its capabilities right to the limit, both artistically and technically. Cartier, a veteran of the UFA film studios in 1930s Germany who had fled the Nazi regime for Britain in 1936, had worked with Kneale the previous year on The Quatermass Experiment and was already a veteran of many television drama productions – indeed, together Kneale and Cartier formed BBC drama's most successful creative team of the era.
It was his work on Quatermass that had prompted the BBC's Head of Drama, Michael Barry, to ask Cartier to work on an adaptation of the famous novel, having shown his abilities with literary sources having just completed work on a version of Wuthering Heights, again with Kneale handling the scripting. The BBC had purchased the rights to a television version of Nineteen Eighty-Four soon after its publication in 1949, with Kenneth Tynan having apparently originally been keen on adapting the work. The first version of the script, produced in late 1953, was written by Hugh Faulks, in consultation with Orwell's widow Sonia Orwell herself, but when Cartier came aboard in January 1954 he demanded that Kneale be allowed to handle the adaptation. This and other complexities of production meant that the hoped-for April airdate – which would have been more or less exactly thirty years before the novel was set – quickly had to be pushed back.
Peter Cushing (Winston Smith); Yvonne Mitchell (Julia); Andre Morell (O'Brien); Arnold Diamond (Emmanuel Goldstein); Donald Pleasence (Syme)
Nigel Kneale's adaptation of George Orwell's most celebrated novel was one of the most controversial television programmes of its time, and marks a key transitional moment in the development of television drama in Britain.
Orwell's warning of a totalitarian future - with one eye on the Soviet present - was just six years old when Kneale and producer Rudolph Cartier (in modern terms, the director) enacted it for the small screen, and audiences and critics were unprepared for the brutality endured by its hapless hero, Winston Smith.
Like all TV drama of the time, Nineteen Eighty-Four was broadcast live, but it made unusually extensive and imaginative use of filmed inserts - 14 in total. These sequences bought time for the more elaborate costume changes or scene set-ups, but also served to 'open out' the action - showing us both the desolate 'prole sector' and the apparently idyllic woods where Winston (Peter Cushing) and Julia (Yvonne Mitchell) have their first illicit meeting - while speeding up the drama by reducing the average shot length.
This unusual freedom helped make Nineteen Eighty-Four the most expensive TV drama of its day, but other, less costly features were just as striking. The careful use of close-ups, accompanied by recorded voice-over, allows us a window into Winston's inner torment (and demonstrates Cushing's grasp of small screen performance) as he struggles to disguise his 'thoughtcrimes', while effectively representing Big Brother's frightening omniscience. In the torture sequence, Cartier condenses days, perhaps weeks of relentless humiliation into a few minutes by periodically fading to black, slightly reframing the shot, then fading back in. Throughout this sequence, Winston is hidden from view while we watch his persecutor, O'Brien (André Morrell, whose coolly menacing performance is at least equal to Cushing's). This enhances our shock when the abject figure of Winston is finally revealed, stripped of all humanity.
Audiences today are used to far stronger stuff, but in 1954 the drama caused outrage among MPs and some sections of the press. The BBC took threats against Cartier's life seriously enough to provide him with a bodyguard. Support, however, came from an unlikely quarter, when the Duke of Edinburgh announced that he and the Queen had 'thoroughly enjoyed' the broadcast. This endorsement, and the publicity generated by its opponents, ensured that the programme attracted a massive audience - the largest since the Coronation - when transmitted a second time (again live) four days after its first screening.
[ Info sul file ]
Nome: [XviD-ENG] Nineteen Eighty-Four (1984) - Peter Cushing BBC (1954).avi
Data: 30/03/2008 07:39:00
Dimensione: 1,466,636,288 bytes (1398.693 MB)
[ Info generiche ]
Durata: 01:47:30 (6450.24 s)
Tipo di contenitore: AVI OpenDML
Streams totali: 2
Tipo stream n. 0: video
Tipo stream n. 1: audio
Audio streams: 1
ISFT: VirtualDubMod 220.127.116.11 (build 2178/release)
JUNK: VirtualDubMod build 2178/release
[ Dati rilevanti ]
Risoluzione: 720 x 544
Larghezza: multipla di 16
Altezza: multipla di 32
DRF medio: 4.770588
Deviazione standard: 1.423743
Media pesata dev. std.: 0.667577