Jihad and The Petrodollar - BBC Radio Documentary - cheops
Saudi Arabia stands accused of supporting an Islamic ideology that encourages intolerance and extremism.
Roger Hardy examines the merits of the case, as the country wrestles with internal terror and the charge that the education system, the religious establishment, and the royal family, handsomely funded by petrodollars, continue to promote a narrow interpretation of Islam that justifies violent jihad.
Two programmes of approximately twenty-five minutes each.
Programme One: Wahhabism
Wahhabism is an austere form of Sunni Islam which is practised by the Saudi religious establishment and enables the ruling family to lay claim to an Islamic legitimacy.
But contrary to Western perception, Sunni Islam in Saudi Arabia is not monolithic.
Although most Sunnis, while socially conservative, are against violence and in favour of reform, a hard core dispute the legitimacy of the ruling House of Saud and is sympathetic to Osama Bin Laden's brand of violent jihad, or holy war.
Programme Two: The Money Trail
Roger Hardy follows the money trail and looks at the case of two prominent Saudi charities.
He interviews a Saudi national who is been dubbed a "especially designated terrorist" by American authorities.
He also speaks to the Saudi Ambassador to Washington who insists the country has "done more than any other to combat terrorism" but acknowledges that a charities' commission designed to monitor the flow of charity money has yet to be set up.
First broadcast on the BBC World Service in 2007.
Type : mpeg 1 layer III
Bitrate : 128
Mode : joint stereo
Frequency : 44100 Hz
Encoder : QMC 3.5.7
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