3 Impact of MCMXC a.D.
5 Track listing
5.1 Original album
5.2 MCMXC a.D. - The Limited Edition
5.3 MCMXC a.D. with bonus disc
12 External links
The Cross of Changes (1993)
1 Track listing
1.1 Original album
1.2 Special limited edition
7 External links
Le Roi Est Mort, Vive Le Roi! (1996)
"Le Roi Est Mort, Vive Le Roi!" (Michael Cretu) – 1:57
"Morphing thru Time" (Cretu) – 5:47
"Third of Its Kind" (Cretu) – 0:19
"Beyond the Invisible" (Cretu, David Fairstein) – 5:00
"Why! ..." (Cretu) – 4:59
"Shadows in Silence" (Cretu) – 4:21
"The Child in Us" (Cretu) – 5:06
"T.N.T. for the Brain" (Cretu) – 4:26
"Almost Full Moon" (Cretu) – 3:26
"The Roundabout" (Cretu, Fairstein) – 3:38
"Prism of Life" (Cretu, Fairstein) – 4:55
"Odyssey of the Mind" (Cretu) – 1:40
The Screen Behind the Mirror (2000)
"The Gate" (Michael Cretu) – 2:03
"Push the Limits" (Cretu, Jens Gad) – 6:27
"Gravity of Love" (Cretu) – 4:01
"Smell of Desire" (Cretu, David Fairstein) – 4:55
"Modern Crusaders" (Cretu) – 3:51
"Traces (Light and Weight)" (Cretu, Gad) – 4:13
"The Screen Behind the Mirror" (Cretu) – 3:59
"Endless Quest" (Cretu) – 3:07
"Camera Obscura" (Cretu) – 1:39
"Between Mind & Heart" (Cretu) – 4:09
"Silence Must Be Heard" (Cretu, Gad) – 5:
From East to West" (Cretu) – 4:10
"Voyageur" (Cretu, Jens Gad) – 4:36
"Incognito" (Cretu) – 4:24
"Page of Cups" (Cretu, Gad) – 7:00
"Boum-Boum" (Cretu) – 4:30
"Total Eclipse of the Moon" (Cretu) – 2:16
"Look of Today" (Cretu) – 3:44
"In the Shadow, In the Light" (Cretu) – 5:33
"Weightless" (Cretu) – 2:18
"The Piano" (Cretu, Gad) – 3:00
"Following the Sun" (Cretu) – 5:48
Love Sensuality Devotion: The Greatest Hits (2001)
"The Landing" (Michael Cretu) – 1:04
"Turn Around" (Cretu, Jens Gad) – 3:51
"Gravity of Love" (Cretu) – 3:59
"T.N.T. for the Brain" (Cretu) – 5:18
"Modern Crusaders" (Cretu) – 3:53
"Shadows in Silence" (Cretu) – 4:19
"Return to Innocence" (Curly M.C.) – 4:15
"I Love You ... I'll Kill You" (Curly, David Fairstein) – 8:01
"Principles of Lust" (Curly) – 3:08
"Sadeness (Part I)" (Curly, F. Gregorian) – 4:15
"Silence Must be Heard" (Cretu, Gad) – 4:46
"Smell of Desire" (Cretu, Fairstein) – 4:32
"Mea Culpa" (Curly, Fairstein) – 4:31
"Push the Limits" (Cretu, Gad) – 3:48
"Beyond the Invisible" (Cretu, Fairstein) – 4:50
"Age of Loneliness" (Curly) – 4:10
"Morphing Thru Time" (Cretu) – 5:26
"The Cross of Changes" (Cretu) – 2:15
Love Sensuality Devotion: The Remix Collection (2001)
Turn Around Northern Lights Club Mix (135 BPM)" (Michael Cretu, Jens Gad) – 10:27
"Age of Loneliness Enigmatic Club Mix (128 BPM)" (Curly M.C.) – 6:14
"Push the Limits ATB Remix (133 BPM)" (Cretu, Gad) – 7:51
"Gravity of Love Judgement Day Club Mix (140 BPM)" (Cretu) – 5:59
"Return to Innocence 380 Midnight Mix (088 BPM)" (Curly) – 5:42
"Sadeness (Part I) Violent U.S. Remix (095 BPM)" (Curly, F. Gregorian, David Fairstein) – 4:43
"Principles of Lust Everlasting Lust Mix (095 BPM)" (Curly) – 4:56
"Mea Culpa Fading Shades Mix (100 BPM)" (Curly, Fairstein) – 6:04
"T.N.T. for the Brain Midnight Man Mix (112 BPM)" (Curly) – 5:56
Enigma is an electronic musical project founded by Michael Cretu, David Fairstein and Frank Peterson in 1990. Cretu is both the composer and the producer; his wife Sandra often provides vocals on Enigma tracks. The pair have also worked together under the name Sandra. Jens Gad co-produced and played guitar on three of the Enigma albums. Six studio albums have been produced under the name of the project. Enigma was among the first recording groups to use direct to HD recording studio and non-percussion musical instrument and vocal samples, such as the Shakuhachi flute and Gregorian monk chants samples on their crossover hit album, MCMXC
From the late 1970s onwards, Michael Cretu already had his own music career on his hands and apart from some collaboration efforts with several other musicians, he also produced his wife's albums. Before Enigma, he released a number of albums under his own name, but none of them sold particularly well. Cretu revealed in an interview that he believed that his ideas were running out at that point.
In December 1990, after 8 months of preparation, Cretu released Enigma's debut album, the groundbreaking MCMXC a.D. that received over 60 platinum awards worldwide. The album was Cretu's first commercial success through the single Sadeness (Part I), which juxtaposed Gregorian chants and sexual overtones over a dance beat that was highly peculiar to the ears of the public at that time. Cretu explained that the album was about unsolved crimes and philosophical themes such as life after death, hence the name Enigma. He had previously used a Gregorian-type chant on the opening seconds of Sandra's 1987 single "Everlasting Love", without integrating them into other parts of the song. "Sadeness" quickly rose to the top of the charts in Germany and France; it went on to become an almost worldwide hit. Later Cretu would claim that the now signature Enigma sound was inspired after falling asleep on the London Underground.
Before the album was released, Cretu was cautious of the response towards the upcoming album, decided to forgo mentioning his and most of the personnel's real name and credited himself as Curly M.C., while the album sleeve contained little information about the background of the project, furthering the mystery about the creators of the album and leading to speculation whether Enigma was a band, a person or a group.
In 1993, Cretu was given an offer by producers to compose the full soundtrack of the motion picture Sliver but he was unable to accept the offer. Instead, he came up with "Carly's Song" and "Carly's Loneliness", which was used in the movie and credited in the motion picture soundtrack as well.
In the same year, The Cross of Changes was released and it received about the same, if not an even larger and better response from the public (it sold 6 million copies in a year). However, both of the albums also hitched up lawsuits over the issue of sampling from other music sources.
In 1996, Le Roi Est Mort, Vive Le Roi! (French for "The King is dead, long live the King!") was released. Cretu's idea was that this third album was the child of the previous two albums, and therefore included familiar elements of Gregorian chants and tribal chants in it. Though the album was as meticulously crafted by Cretu as the earlier two albums, it failed to achieve the same level of success that they enjoyed. As a result only two of the three singles originally slated were released, with the third one ("The Roundabout") being silently cancelled in 1998.
The 2000 release of The Screen Behind the Mirror included samples from Carl Orff's Carmina Burana on four tracks on the album. This time the Gregorian chants were toned down a lot, but still Shakuhachi flutes and other traditional Enigma signatures remain. Only "Gravity of Love" and "Push the Limits" were released as singles from the album. Ruth-Ann Boyle from the band Olive and also Andru Donalds mark their first appearance on the Enigma project.
In 2001, Cretu released a new single called "Turn Around" together with Love Sensuality Devotion: The Greatest Hits and Love Sensuality Devotion: The Remix Collection to end what he considers to be the first chapter of Enigma. A light show was held at the Munich Planetarium in conjunction of the release of the compilation albums.
2003's Voyageur was considered by many to be a total makeover for the project. Practically all of the prominent Enigma signature elements (the ethnic and/or Gregorian chants, the famous Shakuhachi flutes) were no longer in use for this album. As a result many fans had difficulty appreciating this new direction and sales were affected. From a statistical point of view, every Enigma studio album to date has sold roughly half of what the previous release did.
On August 28, 2005, Enigma's management (Crocodile-Music.de) announced the release of the project's latest single, "Hello and Welcome". The single was originally slated to be released in October, however it was moved to November 25, 2005 and finally saw release in Germany on March 10, 2006. The song will also be the walk-in music for the German boxer, Felix Sturm, and much like Voyageur shows little similarity to earlier Enigma works.
On September 26, 2006, Enigma's sixth album A Posteriori was released worldwide, containing a new version of "Hello and Welcome" and the new song "Goodbye Milky Way", which, despite earlier announcements, was and will not be released as a single. The album is more techno, electronic, than any previous one. The concept is based on such sciences as astronomy, physics, history and sociology
A DVD version of A Posteriori was released on December 16, 2006. The DVD features kaleidoscope images in synchronization with the multi channel remastered music.
In late March 2007, a special "Private Lounge Remix" album version of A Posteriori was released on the Apple iTunes music store. This compilation includes 12 new remixed tracks from the album by artists such as Boca Junior, Tocadisco, etc. Some of these tracks were available previously on the original A Posteriori iTunes album and on the abovementioned DVD release.
Enigma's first two studio albums also led to the creation and popularity of bands and musical groups that follow similar styles, often called "Enigmatic Music". Era and Gregorian (led by former Enigma member Frank Peterson) are among some notable groups which capitalised songs which heavily incorporate Gregorian chants in their works. Enigma and Deep Forest are also to be considered by many to have brought the tribal chant genre to the ears of the public. Achillea, a musical project by co-producer/guitarist on several albums, Jens Gad, features music with similar atmospherics, while featuring female vocals in different languages, with different singers from different parts of the world. Enigma also influenced Christopher von Deylen's musical project Schiller. The influence can be heard in any album by the band. Cretu's musical project is also included into the list of influences of Schiller.
Critics and fans have noted down the probable influences if not similarities of Enigma and the works of other notable musicians. Some examples include Delerium's Semantic Spaces album, Mike Oldfield's albums, The Songs of Distant Earth and Tubular Bells III, all B-Tribe's albums as well as other Claus Zundel projects and Sarah Brightman's cover of Hooverphonic's song, "Eden".